Debits and Credits

Debits and Credits

by Rudyard Kipling

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Overview

Published in 1926 Debits and Credits, a book of short stories that expands some of the material collected in writing The Irish Guards in The Great War, as well as resuming some topics of earlier Kipling stories; fables, animals, English history, and Stalky & Co's views on education. The final story, "The Gardener", has been classed with "Mary Postgate" as of particular interest to feminists and to students of English society during World War I, while its ambiguous narrative also makes it interesting to students of modernism.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781722398859
Publisher: CreateSpace Publishing
Publication date: 07/06/2018
Pages: 764
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.52(d)

About the Author

Rudyard Joseph Kipling was born in the then named Bombay, India on 30th December 1865. Aged six, he was sent to England to be educated, firstly in Southsea, where he was cared for in a foster home, and later at Westward Ho, a United Services College in Devon. A life of misery at the former was described in his story 'Baa Baa Black Sheep', whilst Westward Ho was used as a basis for his questioning the public school ethic in 'Stalky and Co'.

Kipling returned to India in 1882 to work as an assistant editor for the Civil and Military Gazette of Lahore. His reputation as a writer was established with stories of English life in India, published there in 1888/9. ‘The Phantom Rickshaw’, ‘Soldiers Three’ and ‘Under the Deodars’ are amongst these early works. Returning to England in 1889, Kipling settled in London and continued to earn a living as a writer.

In 1892 he married Caroline Balestier, an American. They travelled extensively in the following four years, including a spell living in America, and it was in this time most of his enduring work was written, not least ‘The Jungle Book’ and ‘The Second Jungle Book’. Kipling once again returned to England in 1896 and continued his writing career, although tragedy hit the family when his eldest daughter, Josephine, died in 1899. Nonetheless, in 1901 he completed ‘Kim’, often considered to be his best work. The following year, having settled in Sussex, he published ‘Just So Stories’, a book he had planned to write for Josephine.

Having refused the position of Poet Laureate, which was offered in 1895, he did accept the Nobel Prize for Literature, becoming the first English author to be so honoured. By 1910, however, Kipling’s appeal was waning. His poems and stories were based on values that were perceived as outdated. There was widespread reaction against Victorian imperialism, highlighted by the incompetent management of the Boer War. When World War I came, Kipling had difficulty in adapting to the mood of the public and after his only son, John, was reported missing in action believed killed in 1915, he became very active on the War Graves Commission.

After the war he became an increasingly isolated figure, although some of his best writing was to come, with ‘Debits and Credits’ in 1926 and ‘Limits and Renewals’ in 1932. Kipling died in 1936 in London and was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Today, however, he is once again avidly read not just for the quality of his writing and storytelling, but through a renewed interest in the behaviour and values he represented.

Table of Contents

The Enemies to Each Other1
The Changelings19
Sea Constables: A Tale of '1520
The Vineyard41
"Banquet Night"45
"In the Interests of the Brethren"47
To the Companions (Horace, Ode 17, Bk. v)69
The United Idolaters70
The Centaurs89
"Late Came the God"93
The Wish House94
Rahere117
The Survival (Horace, Ode 22, Bk. v)123
The Janeites124
Jane's Marriage148
The Portent (Horace, Ode 20, Bk. v)153
The Prophet and the Country154
Gow's Watch: Act IV, Sc. 4171
The Bull That Thought177
Alnaschar and the Oxen196
Gipsy Vans201
A Madonna of the Trenches203
Gow's Watch: Act V. Sc. 3223
The Birthright229
The Propagation of Knowledge230
A Legend of Truth257
A Friend of the Family259
We and They277
On the Gate: A Tale of '16281
The Supports303
Untimely309
The Eye of Allah310
The Last Ode: Nov. 27, B. C. 8 Horace, Ode) 31, Bk. v)336
The Gardener339
The Burden353

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